Functional Food Classification
2018-08-21 16:59 Tuesday
A functional food is a food given an additional function by adding new ingredients or more of existing ingredients. Functional foods are designed to have physiological benefits and/or reduce the risk of chronic disease beyond basic nutritional functions.
Ingredients possessing physiological effects in functional foods are called biologically active components. There are nine categories of biologically active components known to humans:
1. Active polysaccharides, including dietary fiber, antitumor polysaccharides, and hypoglycemic polysaccharides.
2. Functional sweetening agents, including functional monosaccharides, functional oligosaccharides, polyol and super sweeteners.
3. Functional grease, including polyunsaturated fatty acids, grease substitute goods, phospholipid, and choline.
4. Free radical scavengers, including non-enzymatic scavengers and enzymatic scavengers
5. Vitamins, including Vitamin A, Vitamin E and Vitamin C.
6. Minor active elements, including selenium, germanium, chromium, iron, copper, and zinc.
7. Peptides and proteins, including glutathione, antihypertensive peptides, calcium-accelerating peptides, easy-absorbing peptides and immunoglobulins.
8. Lactic acid bacteria, in particular bifidobacterium
9. Other active elements, including policosanol, flavonoid, polyphenols, and saponin.
Functional Food Types & Target Consumers
Daily Functional Foods:
Daily functional foods have target groups, and differ according to health and nutrition needs. Regular consumption of daily functional foods is conducive to improving energy, boosting immune systems, and facilitating healthy growth and development.
Special Functional Foods
Special functional foods are tailored for specific populations, such as individuals with high blood pressure or diabetes. Special functional foods have preventative or even therapeutic effects, counteracting obesity and strengthening immune systems.
Purposes of Functional Food Types
1. Strengthen immune and active lymphatic systems
2. Prevent diseases, including high blood pressure, diabetes, coronary heart disease, constipation and tumor
3. Control cholesterol, prevent platelet aggregation, and regulate hematopoietic function
4. Improve nerve function and digestion
5. Counteract natural aging